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Glossary Of Poker Terms


4th Street (aka the Turn card)the fourth community card dealt
5th Street (aka the River card)the fifth community card dealt
Actiongeneric term for a check, bet, raise, re-raise or anything else done by an active player during a round of betting
Active playera player who has not folded in the current hand
Add-ona rebuy at the end of the allotted rebuy period as a final top up to a player's chip stack. Allowed even if their chips are greater than the minimum required for a rebuy
All-into have all your chips in the pot
Antea fixed amount that EVERY player pays every single hand they play
Bad Beatlosing your winning hand to a long shot as more cards are dealt eg losing a set to a straight on the river card
Bellybuster (aka Gutshot, Inside straight)holding 4 cards to a straight but requiring only one rank to make it eg holding 3,4,5,7 and needing a 6
Bicycle (aka The Wheel)The lowest possible hand in a lowball game eg A2345
Blind betscompulsory bets wagered prior to any cards being dealt
Blind raisea player raising without looking at their cards
Bluffbetting or raising a hand with a very weak, and likely losing, hand to try and make stronger players fold the pot
Board (aka Community cards, River)the cards everyone uses placed face up in the middle of the table
Boat (aka Full house)holding three-of-a-kind AND a pair as your winning hand eg AAA88
Bullyingraising heavily against short-stacked players to steal their chips
Burn cardscards placed face down on the table directly before the flop, turn and river cards are dealt
Buy-inthe (minimum) amount required to sit at a game
Bubblefinishing in the position that is one off the money in a tournament eg "going out on the bubble"
Cappedin a fixed limit game where the initial bet has been raised three times subsequently and 'capped' at the maximum for that round
Catchto make a hand against the odds and win
Chasingpaying to see an extra card waiting for one or two cards to make a better hand - usually a straight or flush
Checkto bet no amount, play moves to the next player
Check-raiseto bet no amount, wait for a player to bet and then to raise over the top of them
Chip-leaderthe player at the table(s) with the most chips
Community cards (aka Board, River)the cards everyone uses placed face up in the middle of the table
Cutto split the pack in two to re-arrange the order of the cards following a deal to help prevent cheating
Dead Carda card that is not playable
Dead Handa hand that is not playable
Dead Moneymonies taken in by the dealer to the main pot if they have been wagered by a player and are no longer part of their stack
Dealer buttonthe disc used to denote who the dealer deals to last that moves round the table one place after each hand
Drawhaving four cards to a hand eg holding 4,5,6,7 and thus drawing a 3 or 8 to make a straight
Fishshark bait (see Sharks)
Fixed limita game with set limits on the size of the bet (see What To Play for more info)
Flopthe 3 cards placed face up on the table after the initial round of betting
Flusha hand with all 5 cards the same suit regardless of rank
Fold (aka Lay down)to throw in your cards and take no further part in the hand. All bets wagered to that point are lost
Four-of-a-kind (aka Quads)holding four cards of equal rank
Freerolla tournament that is free to enter
Full house (aka Boat)holding three-of-a-kind AND a pair as your winning hand eg AAA88
Gutshot (aka Inside straight, Bellybuster)holding 4 cards to a straight but requiring only one rank to make it eg holding 3,4,5,7 and needing a 6
Hand-for-handin a multi-table tournament when a payout change is due after 1 more person is knocked out (eg 21-30 pays $100, 11-20 pays $200 and there are 21 players left), the tables all synchronise so that there is no advantage to playing slow and waiting for other players to go out before you
Heads-Upwhen there are just two players playing
Hi/Loa game with two qualifying winning hands - a high and a low one (see What To Play for more info)
Hole cards (aka Pocket cards)the two cards each player is dealt
Inside straight (aka Bellybuster, Gutshot)holding 4 cards to a straight but requiring only one rank to make it eg holding 3,4,5,7 and needing a 6
Kickerthe 'next' card counted to decide who wins a hand eg two players hold AK and A8 with a AA679 board - AK wins as the King kicker is higher than the 8 kicker
Kill pota pot following a player winning two consecutive hands where all bets are doubled (see What To Play for more info)
Lay down (aka Fold)to throw in your cards and take no further part in the hand. All bets wagered to that point are lost
Loosea player who calls and raises against the odds and plays with little regard for preserving their stack
Lowballa game variant where only low hands qualify to win, not high hands
Main potcreated when a player goes all-in with a small stack, the main pot is the maximum pot that the all-in player can win with all other players betting into a side pot
Muckto throw in your losing hand face down if you see a better winning one at the showdown
No limita game with no set limits on the size of the bet (see What To Play for more info)
Nutsthe best possible hand at any time in the hand
Oddsthe probability of winning vs losing a hand given your cards and the other possibilities that beat it
Offsuitcards of a different suit, usually applied when describing hole cards eg 'AK offsuit'
On the buttonthe player with the dealer button in front of them
Open-ended straight draw (aka Up and down straight draw)holding a straight draw which can be made with 1 of 2 ranks eg holding 34 with 56 on board so that a 2 or a 7 will make the straight
Outsthe cards left in the pack that will make a drawing hand into a straight or flush
Outdrawnleading based on the hole cards held/the current situation and having your opponent catch a card(s) to beat you against the odds
Overcardsholding cards above the flop values eg holding AQ with a 67T flop means you hold 2 overcards
Passto fold or check depending on when applied
Passivethe opposite of loose, a player who plays only premium hands as a rule
Pocket cards (aka Hole cards)the two cards each player is dealt
Positionthe relation of a player's position in relation to the dealer eg early, mid, late or on the button
Potthe money already wagered for players in the hand to win
Pot limita game with the current pot size at any time set as the limit of the size of a bet or raise (see What To Play for more info)
Pot OddsSee the Pot Odds page
Protected handhole cards physically held or with a chip placed on top to 'protect' them
Quads (aka Four-of-a-kind)holding four cards of equal rank
Raiseto bet more than a previous bet in any betting round
Rakea percentage of each pot (usually with a maximum rake limit) over a certain amount that a casino takes in order to make money from ring games
Rebuypaying extra money to gain more chips at the table, usually only allowed when a player's stack is below a certain level
Representbet following a community card(s) being dealt to suggest to other players that you have a card, usually an Ace, to try and make them fold even though you do not hold that card
Re-raiseto raise over the top of a previous raise
Ring gamea game that does not end like a tournament but rather runs in perpetuity (online at least) which players can leave and join at any time. Blinds are also static
River (aka Board, Community cards)sometimes used as a generic term for the cards everyone uses placed face up in the middle of the table
River cardthe fifth community card dealt
Rocka very tight player
Rock gardena whole table of very tight players
Roundera professional player who makes money 'doing the rounds' at poker games
Royal flushthe best possible hand in poker eg AKQJT all the same suit
Runnerswhen the turn and river cards win a hand for someone eg AA is up against 67 with a flop of 3A9 and 45 comes next to give 67 the straight
Satellitea game played with prizes paid as entries to bigger games
Side pota pot created when a short-stacked player goes all-in. All players still in the hand continue to bet into a side pot so as not to confuse the maximum that the short-stacked player could win
Set (aka Three-of-a-kind, Trips)holding three cards of equal rank eg 777
Sharksgood players who play with bad players (see Fish) and take their money
Short-stackedhaving a low amount of chips relative to the other players
Sit N Goa one or two table tournament with a fixed buy-in and progressively increasing blinds ending with a single winner
Split pota pot split evenly where 2 or more players have exactly the same hand
Starting requirementsthe hands players are prepared to play with a certain number of players at the table eg early on, starting requirements are high and most players will only play good hole cards but as the number of players falls, their starting requirements may be 'relaxed' so they play weaker hole cards
Straightholding rank cards in rank order but different suits eg 23456 not all the same suit
Three-of-a-kind (aka Set, Trips)holding three cards of equal rank eg 777
Tight-aggressivea player who folds bad hands but raises the good hands aggressively
Tiltto play with reckless abandon, usually following a bad beat
Trips (aka Set, Three-of-a-kind)holding three cards of equal rank eg 777
Turn card (aka 4th street)the fourth community card dealt
Under the gunacting first in a betting round
Up and down straight draw (aka Open-ended straight draw)holding a straight draw which can be made with 1 of 2 ranks eg holding 34 with 56 on board so that a 2 or a 7 will make the straight
Wagerto bet or raise
Wheel (aka Bicycle)The lowest possible hand in a lowball game eg A2345

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